Today’s train operations, both freight and passenger, have complex operating processes of which many still require human skills and intervention.

Whether it is the locomotive conductor, train dispatcher or other support workforce, the daily rail operations are done by people.

Over the years, the improved performance of railway operations has increased the demand for more railway transportation services. This increase demand is putting a challenge on today’s rail operations, hence more advanced control and safety systems are being implemented to handle the daily operations.

Despite the many automated systems already in place, there are other control systems available to make railway operations more reliable, maintainable and safe.

On modern trains, multiple railway systems are deployed to ensure safe railway operation. Each system has a dedicated function to fulfil during the operations of the train (e.g., signalling, propulsion, HVAC, lights, etc.).

Today’s technology allows on-board electronic systems to support and maintain the railway operations in a proactive way, maintenance is done in a more predictive manner instead of a corrective one.

Locomotive audio, video and data recorders can help us understand why an accident happened.